March 23 is defined by Patrick Henry’s famous “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech. Tyranny was present on this day when Germany enacted the Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers or when the Roosevelt administration sent Japanese-Americans to internment camps.
Education and Health Care are present in the creation of the University of California – one of the great public universities in the world; and the signing of Obamacare.
Patrick Henry’s Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death
Patrick Henry gives his famed “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” address at the 2nd Virginia Convention at St. John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia. He is credited with having swung the balance in convincing the convention to pass a resolution delivering Virginian troops for the Revolutionary War.
University of California Founded
California Governor Henry Haight signed legislation creating The University of California which operated temporarily in Oakland until opening its first campus in Berkeley in 1873. Today the UC system includes 10 campuses.
The University of California’s campuses have large numbers of distinguished faculty in almost every academic discipline and it is widely regarded as one of the top university systems in the world. As of 2016, UC faculty and researchers have won 62 Nobel Prizes. UC campuses are perennially ranked highly by various publications. Most notably, 6 UC campuses rank in the top 50 U.S. National Universities of 2017 by U.S. News & World Report, with UC Berkeley, UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, and UC Irvine respectively ranked 20th, 24th, 37th, and 39th, and UC Davis and UC San Diego tied at 44th. Internationally, UC Berkeley, UCLA, and UC San Diego are respectively ranked 3rd, 12th, and 14th worldwide by Academic Ranking of World Universities.
Germany’s Enabling Act Gives Hitler Dictatorial Power
Germany enacted a constitutional amendment that gave Chancellor Adolf Hitler – the power to enact laws without the Reichstag, making Hitler’s government a legal dictatorship.
First Japanese Arrive in Manzanar
The first Japanese-Americans evacuated by the U.S. Army during World War II arrived at the internment camp in Manzanar, Calif. Over 110,000 Japanese-Americans were forcibly removed from their homes and kept in camps such as Manzanar across the West and other states.
Manzanar is now a National Historic site.
President Obama signs the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
In a White House ceremony, in which Vice President Biden commented before a live mic “Mr. President, this is a big [expletive] deal,” President Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (often referred to as “Obamacare”). The Act was the greatest expansion of health coverage since Medicare and substantially reduced the number of uninsured in America.
Cover Photo includes two Creative Commons elements: Adolf Hitler gives a speech regarding the Enabling Act and the Campanile and Mt. Tamalpais from Memorial Stadium at sunset, 2006 (edited version at Image:CampanileMtTamalpiasSunset.jpg) by Tristan Harward.