February 22nd is marked by the execution of Hans and Sophie Scholl, the heroic young leaders of the White Rose resistance movement; the stunning primary upset of Harold Washington in the 1983 Chicago mayor’s race and miracle of science (the first mammal cloned) and ice (US Hockey upset of the Soviet Union).
White Rose Leaders Executed
The White Rose was a largely student intellectual resistance group from the University of Munich which conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign calling for active opposition against the Nazi regime from 1942-1943. Their core leaders, Hans and Sophie Scholl were arrested on February 18, 1943 and executed on this day.
Hans Scholl’s final words before execution were “Long live freedom!!” The 21-year old Sophie Scholl’s final words were:
How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause? Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?
Her final days were the subject of an acclaimed film – Sophie Scholl: The Final Days.
Miracle on Ice
At the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, the amateur U.S. men’s hockey team stunned the Soviet Union 4-3, with ABC’s Al Michael’s legendary coda – “Do You Believe in Miracles? Yes!” See – Miracle on Ice 35th Anniversary: A (Baker’s) Dozen Factoids for details.
Harold Washington Stuns Mayor Byrne
Congressman Harold Washington scored a shocking upset in the Democratic primary for Mayor of Chicago garnering 36.28% of the vote to beat Mayor Jane Byrne (33.64%) and Richard M. Daley (29.65%). Washington would go on to narrowly beat the Republican in April to become Chicago’s first black mayor. He would serve until his death in 1987.
Scientist Clone Sheep
Scientists in Scotland announced the birth of the world’s first successfully cloned mammal, Dolly the sheep. Dolly is the first mammal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell. Previous clonings have been from embryo cells. Dolly died in 2003.
1732 – George Washington
1876 – Johns Hopkins University
Founded by American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins through a $7 million bequest—which was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States at that time. Johns Hopkins University is considered the first research university in the United States led by its renowned medical school. The university also consists of the Peabody Institute, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, the School of Education, the Carey Business School.
The University stands among the top 10 in US News’ Best National Universities Rankings and ranked 11th globally in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. JHU’s men’s lacrosse team has captured 44 national titles
1932 – Ted Kennedy