October 14 is a day of bravado as we saw with former President Roosevelt’s daring in addressing a crowd after being shot; a day of speed as we saw with the breaking of the sound barrier and the 10-second barrier for sprinters; a day of equality with the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to Martin Luther King, Jr. and the first Gay March on Washington; and it also is a day of Pooh who was first introduced to the world on this day. Finally, it is also a day of joy and sadness for Cubs fans.
Chicago Cubs Win the World Series
Bull Moose Roosevelt Gives Speech After Being Shot
While campaigning for President under the Progressive Party (nicknamed the “Bull Moose Party”), former President Teddy Roosevelt was shot and mildly wounded by a mentally disturbed saloon keeper. Roosevelt was planning on delivering a lengthy address to a crowd in Milwaukee and proceeded to deliver a 90-minute address despite the wound.
Roosevelt boasted, “it takes more than that to kill a bull moose. He then reached into his coat pocket and a 50-page speech with two big bullet holes.
Fortunately I had my manuscript, so you see I was going to make a long speech, and there is a bullet—there is where the bullet went through—and it probably saved me from it going into my heart. The bullet is in me now, so that I cannot make a very long speech, but I will try my best.
The 53-year old Roosevelt assured the crowd, “I give you my word, I do not care a rap about being shot; not a rap” and proceeded to give his full address before going to the hospital.
Winnie the Pooh First Published
A. A. Milne first publishes the children’s book Winnie the Pooh.
Chuck Yeager Break’s Sound Barrier
Air Force pilot Chuck Yeager flew a Bell X-1 rocket faster than the speed of sound at Mach 1.06 (700 mph) over the California high desert.
MLK Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
Martin Luther King, Jr. became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (he was 35). The award came after his 1963 “I Have a Dream” address during the March on Washington and the ratification of the 24th amendment barring poll taxes and passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964.
Jim Hines Breaks the 10-Second Barrier
While not exactly breaking the sound barrier, American Jim Hines became the first runner to run the 100-meters in under 10 seconds at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. Hines 9.95 record would last 15 years. The current record of 9.58 was set by Usain Bolt in 2009.
First Gay Rights on Washington
Spurred by the death of Harvey Milk, 75,000 to 125,000 gay and lesbian Americans marched on the National Mall in Washington.