August 9th is a day marked by explosive and defining events that include the dropping of the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Singapore being expelled from Malaysia, the resignation of Richard Nixon to the police shooting of Michael Brown and ensuing riots in Ferguson. In Part 2, we review the significant debuts of the day especially the Sistine Chapel and Henry David Thoreau’s Walden.
Gandhi and Indian Leaders Arrested
A day after calling on Indians to resist British rule as part of the “Quit India” campaign, Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders of the Indian National Congress were arrested and held until 1944.
Bombing of Nagasaki
Three days after dropping the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, the United States struck again with another bomb on Nagasaki. Within less than a second after the detonation, the north of the city was destroyed and 35,000 people were killed. Japan would surrender six days later.
Singapore Gains Independence Reluctantly
Singapore became the first nation to win independence involuntarily, after Malaysia voted to expel it. A shaken Lee Kuan Yew then declared Singapore as a multi-racial democracy. He would lead the nation to prosperity in a single generation.
Manson Gang Kills Sharon Tate
Followers led by Charles Manson murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men’s hairstylist Jay Sebring and Steven Parent.
Nixon Resigns, Ford Sworn In
Gerald Ford was sworn in as the 38th President, after Richard Nixon resigned over the Watergate Scandal.
Fmr. Senator Ted Stevens Killed in Plane Cras
Ted Stevens, the longest serving Republican senator in history, was killed along with four other passengers when the single engine amphibious floatplane plane carry them crashed en route to an Alaskan fishing lodge. Four of the passengers survived, including NASA Administrator Sean O’Keefe. Stevens had survived a similar crash in 1978 that claimed the life of wife.
Ferguson Erupts After Shooting of Michael Brown
Michael Brown, an unarmed 18-year old African-American, was fatally shot by a white Ferguson, MO police officer, leading to riots in the city and sparking debate over police violence.