July 3 is marked by the founding of Quebec City, the end of the Battle of Gettysburg, the shooting down of Iran Air 655 and the 2013 coup in Egypt.
Quebec City Founded
The capital city of Quebc, is founded by Samuel de Champlain. Today the city has a populating of 540,949 and its Canada’s 10th largest city.
Victory at Gettysburg
The three-day Battle of Gettysburg ends with Confederate General Lee in retreat. While the war would drag on for two more years, it was Lee’s last offensive in Union territory. All told the Union endured 23,055 casualties (3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured or missing), while the rebel casualties are estimated at 23,231 (4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured or missing). Nearly a third of Lee’s general officers were killed, wounded, or captured.
Fifty years later, Confederate veterans reenacted Pickett’s Charge and upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they were met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
On the 75th anniversary, Franklin Roosevelt dedicated the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lit the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
Iran Air Flt 655 Shot Down By US Navy
The USS Vincennes mistook Iran Air Flight 655 as an attacking F-14A Tomcat fighter and hit the plane with a missile killing all 290 on board. While the U.S. has never formally apologized for the incident it did reach a settlement with Iran at the International Court of Justice which included the statement
the United States recognized the aerial incident of 3 July 1988 as a terrible human tragedy and expressed deep regret over the loss of lives caused by the incident….
As part of the settlement, the United States did not admit legal liability but agreed to pay $61.8 million, amounting to $213,103.45 per passenger, in compensation to the families of the Iranian victims.
Egyptian coup d’état
President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi is overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi’s resignation, to which he didn’t respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt Adly Mansour is declared acting president.
In 2014, the head of the Egyptian Armed Force, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, was elected in a vote boycotted by the Muslim Brotherhood and some liberal and secular activist groups.