February 27th is a day of famous protests from Rosenstrasse to Wounded Knee. It is also a day of terror that includes the deadliest terror attack at sea and the 6th strongest earthquake since 1900. Finally, it is the day the nation’s capital became a colony by losing representation in Congress.
Washington D.C. Becomes a Colony
On February 27, 1801, Congress made the District of Columbia the nation’s Capital and on from that day forward has exercised exclusive control over its citizens. At that time, ,Washington, D.C. had a population of nearly 11,000 which made it the 6th largest city in the United States. The Organic Act made those citizens “stateless” and Washington residents:
- would not be able to vote for President until 163 years later;
- would not have a representative in Congress until 169 years later
(even though Puerto Rico has had one since 1898); and
- would not elect a Mayor for the District until 173 years later.
The Rosenstrasse protests, a nonviolent protest in Rosenstraße (“Rose street”) carried out by the non-Jewish (“Aryan”) wives and relatives of Jewish men who had been arrested for deportation began on this day. The protests escalated until the men were released. It was a significant instance of opposition to the events of the Holocaust.
The Second Battle of Wounded Knee
On February 27, 1973, about 300 Oglala Lakota and AIM activists went to the hamlet of Wounded Knee for their protest. It developed into a 71-day siege, with the FBI cordoning off the area by using US Marshals and later National Guard units. The occupation was symbolically held at the site of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre. The Oglala Lakota demanded a revival of treaty negotiations to begin to correct relations with the federal government, the respect of their sovereignty, and the removal of Wilson from office. The American Indians occupied the Sacred Heart Church, the Gildersleeve Trading Post and numerous homes of the village. Although periodic negotiations were held between AIM spokesman and U.S. government negotiators, gunfire occurred on both sides. A US Marshal, Lloyd Grimm, was wounded severely and paralyzed. In April, a Cherokee from North Carolina and a Lakota AIM member were shot and killed. The elders ended the occupation then.
Godhra Train Massacre
A mob of Musllim’s attacked and set fire to a train carrying Hindu pilgram, killing 59 people. The event triggered rioting in the region which killed up to 2000 people.
SuperFerry 14 bombing
The 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing on February 27, 2004, was a terrorist attack that resulted in the sinking of the ferry SuperFerry 14 and the deaths of 116 people in the Philippines’ deadliest terrorist attack and the world’s deadliest terrorist attack at sea.
8.8 Earthquake Hits Chile
An 8.8 magnitude earthquake and tsunami killed 524 people in Chile caused $30 billion in damage and left over 200,000 homeless. Today it ranks as the 6th strongest earthquake since 1900, with the strongest being a 9.5 earthquake in 1960 – also in Chile