Oct 30: A Day of War, Rebellion and Rebirth
Capitulation of Stettin
French General Antoine Lasalle, convinced a retreating Prussian army to surrender the Garrison at Stettin, bluffing the Prussians into believing he had 30,000 men to attack the 5,300 soldiers in the garrison, when in reality he only had 800.
Nat Turner Caputured
Nat Turner, a slave who had the greatest slave revolt in U.S. history in Southeastern Virgina, was captured. Turner’s rebellion included more than 70 slaves and freed blacks, who went house to house freeing slaves and killing 60 whites.. Before a white militia was able to respond, the rebels killed 60. He was tried and hung 11 days later.
War of the Worlds Broadcast
A special Halloween episode of Mercury Theater adapted HG Wells’ novel “War of the Worlds”, directed and narrated by Orson Welles, is alleged to have caused mass panic (despite the fact that the show had few listeners). It remains one of the most famous radio broadcast of all time.
The Tsar of Bombs
Tsar Bomba (the “Tsar of Bombs” in Russian), was the nickname for a Soviet hydrogen bomb detonated on October 30, 1961, which remains the most powerful man-made explosion in human history. Its mushroom cloud could be seen from a distance of 100 miles.
Dresden’s Cathedral Reopens
On this day, the Dresden Frauenkirche, is an 18th century Lutheran church in Dresden destroyed in the bombing of Dresden during World War II was reconsecrated. The Communist East German government had left the ruins of the church as a war memorial. After reunification, Günter Blobel, a German-born American who won the Nobel Prize for medicine and donated his award (approx $1MM) to rebuilding and restoring the church.