Oct-1 (Part 1): A Day of California Legends
From the founding of Yosemite and Stanford University, the bombing of the Los Angeles Times to the debut of the Tonight Show with Johnny Carson – October 1 is a very California day.
Yosemite Established by Congress
Yosemite is the Most Beautiful Place on Earth. — Ken Burns
Yosemite National Park is a United States National Park spanning eastern portions of Tuolumne, Mariposa and Madera counties in the central eastern portion of the U.S. state of California . . . The park, which is managed by the National Park Service, covers an area of 747,956 acres and reaches across the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountain chain.
- It is the 16th largest National Park.
- Over 3.7 million people visit Yosemite each year.
- Designated a World Heritage Site in 1984
Yosemite is internationally recognized for its spectacular granite cliffs, waterfalls, clear streams, giant sequoia groves, and biological diversity. Almost 95% of the park is designated wilderness. Yosemite was central to the development of the national park idea. First,Galen Clark and others lobbied to protect Yosemite Valley from development, ultimately leading to President Abraham Lincoln’s signing the Yosemite Grant in 1864.
Later, John Muir led a successful movement to establish a larger national park encompassing not just the valley, but surrounding mountains and forests as well—paving the way for the United States national park system. Muir convinced prominent guests of the importance of putting the area under federal protection; one such guest was Robert Underwood Johnson, editor of Century Magazine. Muir and Johnson lobbied Congress for the Act that created Yosemite National Park on October 1, 1890.
Photo credit: Boris D. at the English language Wikipedia [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons
Stanford University Opens
Stanford University is a private research university in Stanford, California, and one of the world’s most prestigious institutions, with the top position in numerous rankings and measures in the United States
Stanford was founded in 1885 by Leland Stanford, former Governor of and U.S. Senator from California and leading railroad tycoon, and his wife, Jane Lathrop Stanford, in memory of their only child, Leland Stanford, Jr., who had died of typhoid fever at age 15 the previous year. Stanford was opened on October 1, 1891 as a coeducational and non-denominationalinstitution. Tuition was free until 1920.
- Since the University’s founding, 31 faculty members have won the Nobel Prize.
- The Chronicle of Higher Education ranks Stanford among the top 10 universities in the U.S. for federal research expenditures in science and engineering.
- Stanford’s graduate programs in Business, Engineering, Education, Medicine and Law are ranked among the top five in the nation (U.S. News & World Report—Best Graduate Schools).
The University also has had great success in athletics.
- Stanford varsity teams have won 128 national championships.
- 107 of these national titles are NCAA Championships. Cardinal teams have won a national-best 97 national championships since 1980 and 74 since 1990.
- At least one Stanford team has won a national championship during each of the last 39 years. This ongoing streak is the longest in the nation. Stanford also holds the record for number of NCAA team championships attained during one academic year, winning six titles in 1996-1997.
- Stanford has won the Learfield Sports Directors’ Cup in each of the past 21 years. The Directors’ Cup is awarded annually to the most successful overall intercollegiate athletic department in the nation in each of the NCAA’s three divisions. The Directors’ Cup has been awarded for a total of 22 years.
- Stanford scholar-athletes have earned 153 NCAA Postgraduate Scholarships – a national best. NCAA Postgraduate Scholarships are awarded to students who demonstrate outstanding performance in athletics, academics, and community service.
- Stanford-affiliated athletes have won a combined total of 242 medals in Olympic competition.
- Twelve Stanford scholar-athletes have earned a Rhodes Scholarship.
Los Angeles Times Bombing
See prior post.
The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson Debuts
The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson debuted in Rockefeller Plaza but eventually found is home in “beautiful downtown Burbank,” California until May 22, 1922. In 2002, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was ranked #12 on TV Guide ’s 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time Carson died in 2005.