Sept-24: A Day of Landmark Beginnings and Endings
From the opening of Faneuil Hall to the release of Nirvana’s “Nevermind” and the last out at Ebbit Field, September 24th has witnessed some landmark firsts and one notable ending.
Faneuil Hall Opens
Boston’s Faneuil Hall opened on this day. It was the site of several speeches by Samuel Adams, James Otis, and others encouraging independence from Great Britain. Now it is part of Boston National Historical Parkand a well-known stop on the Freedom Trail. It is sometimes referred to as “the Cradle of Liberty”. More recently it has been the site for Senator Ted Kennedy’s 1980 Presidential announcement, Senator John Kerry’s 2004 Presidential concession speech and Governor Mitt Romney signing Massachussett’s landmark health care law.
Supreme Court Created
The Judiciary Act of 1789 is passed by Congress and signed by President George Washington, establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal made up of six justices who were to serve on the court until death or retirement. That day, President Washington nominated John Jay to preside as chief justice, and John Rutledge, William Cushing, John Blair, Robert Harrison, and James Wilson to be associate justices. On September 26, all six appointments were confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
Teddy Roosevelt Declares Devil’s Tower Nation’s First Monument
Devils Tower is an igneous intrusion or laccolith in the Bear Lodge Mountains (part of the Black Hills) near Hulett and Sundance in Crook County, northeastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River. It rises dramatically 1,267 feet above the surrounding terrain and the summit is 5,114 feet above sea level. Devils Tower was the first declared United States National Monument.
First Ford Model T
The first factory-built Ford Model T is completed which became affectionately known as the Tin Lizzi.
Dodgers Last Game in Brooklyn
Dodgers play their last game at Ebbits Field in Brooklyn (capacity 31,902), beating the Pirates 2-0. They finished 84-70, in third place 14 games behind the Milwaukee Braves. They would move to Los Angeles in the off-season.
First Nuclear Aircraft Carrier Launched
USS Enterprise was the world’s first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and the eighth United States naval vessel to bear the name. Like her predecessor of World War II fame, she is nicknamed “Big E”. At 1,123 ft she is the longest naval vessel in the world, a record which still stands. Enterprise had a crew of some 4,600 service members. The only ship of her class, Enterprise was, at the time of inactivation, the third-oldest commissioned vessel in the United States Navy after the wooden-hulled USS Constitution and USS Pueblo.
60 Minutes Debuts
TV’s longest running prime-time showed premiered on this day in 1968. As of October 1, 2013, 60 Minutes had won a total of 106 Emmy Awards a record unsurpassed by any other primetime program on U.S. television.
First Consumer Internet Service
CompuServe launches the first consumer internet service, which features the first public electronic mail service.
Nirvina released its second studio album, Nevermind on this day in 1991. It is their first album to feature drummer Dave Grohl.
Despite low commercial expectations by the band and its record label, Nevermind became a surprise success in late 1991, largely due to the popularity of its first single, “Smells Like Teen Spirit”. The album has been certified as Diamond (over 10 million copies shipped), and the album has sold over 30 million copies worldwide. Nevermind was in part responsible for bringing alternative rock to a large mainstream audience, and has been ranked highly on lists of the greatest albums of all time by publications such as Rolling Stone and Time.