Sept-17 (Part 2): A Landmark Day For North America
September 17th is most famously known as Constitution Day, commemorating the signing of the U.S. Constitution in 1787, but is also is the date the Continental Army launched a failed invasion of Quebec; the day Harriet Tubman first escaped slavery; the day of the second deadliest hurricane in U.S. history; the beginning of the Space Shuttle Program; the first America Miss America and the dawn of the Occupy Movement.
It is also the deadliest day in American History.
Invasion of Canada
The Invasion of Canada in 1775 was the first major military initiative by the newly formed Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. The objective of the campaign was to gain military control of the British Province of Quebec (modern day Canada), and convince the French-speaking Canadiens to join the revolution on the side of the Thirteen Colonies. The invasion was a disaster but Americans would still harbor desires for Quebec demanding it during the Paris Peace Talks and then invading again as part of the War of 1812 – which ultimately gave birth to modern Canada.
The United States Constitution is signed in Philadelphia.
Harriet Tubman Escapes to Freedom
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and, during the American Civil War, a Union spy. On this day in 1849, In 1849, Tubman escaped to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family. Slowly, one group at a time, she made some thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved family and friends using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry.
Tubman (or “Moses”, as she was called) “never lost a passenger”. Her actions made slave owners anxious and angry, and they posted rewards for her capture. When a far-reaching United States Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1850, she helped guide fugitives further north into Canada, and helped newly freed slaves find work. she escaped from slavery In the post-war era she struggled for women’s suffrage.
Second Deadliest Hurricane Hits Florida
The Okeechobee hurricane, also known as San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was the second deadliest tropical cyclone in the history of the United States, behind only the 1900 Galveston hurricane.
NASA Unveils Space Shuttle
NASA unveils its first space shuttle – Enterpise. It was built for NASA as part of the Space Shuttle program to perform test flights in the atmosphere, aided by a modified Boeing 747. It was constructed without engines or a functional heat shield, and was therefore not capable of spaceflight.
Signing of Camp David Accord
The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. The two framework agreements were signed at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter. The second of these frameworks (A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel) led directly to the 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty. Due to the agreement, Sadat and Begin received the shared 1978 Nobel Peace Prize.
Vanessa Williams Becomes First Black “Miss America”
On this day Vanessa Williams became the first African-American woman to win the “Miss America” crown. Seven weeks before the end of her reign, however, a scandal arose when Penthouse magazine bought and published unauthorized nude photographs of Williams. She relinquished her title and was succeeded by the first runner-up, Suzette Charles of New Jersey. Williams rebounded by launching a career as an entertainer, earning multiple Grammy, Emmy, and Tony Award nominations. In September, 2015 at the Miss America 2016 pageant, Miss America CEO Sam Haskell apologized to Williams (who was serving as head judge) for her forced resignation in 1984.
The Occupy Movement is Born
Occupy Wall Street (OWS) is the name given to a protest movement that began on September 17, 2011, in Zuccotti Park, located in New York City’s Wall Streetfinancial district, receiving global attention and spawning the Occupy movement against social and economic inequality worldwide. It was inspired by anti-austerity protests in Spain coming from the 15-M movement. The Canadian, anti-consumerist, pro-environment group/magazine Adbusters initiated the call for a protest.