Aug 29: Rhody, Bergman, Beatles, Chicano Moratorium, Fall of Communism and Katrina
Battle of Rhode Island
The Battle of Rhode Island, also known as the Battle of Quaker Hill and the Siege of Newport, took place on August 29, 1778. Continental Army and militia forces under the command of General John Sullivan were withdrawing to the northern part of Aquidneck Island after abandoning their siege of Newport, Rhode Island, when the British forces in Newport sortied, supported by recently arrived Royal Navy ships, and attacked the retreating Americans. The battle ended inconclusively, but the Continental forces afterward withdrew to the mainland, leaving Aquidneck Island in British hands.
The battle was also notable for the participation of the 1st Rhode Island Regiment, a locally recruited segregated regiment of African Americans. It was the only major military action to include a racially segregated unit on the American side in the war.
Ingrid Bergman born in Stockholm
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Soviets Test First Nuclear Bomb
The test surprised the Western powers. American intelligence had estimated that the Soviets would not produce an atomic weapon until 1953, while the British did not expect it until 1954. When the radioactive fission products from the test were detected by the US Air Force, the US began to follow the trail of the nuclear fallout debris. President Truman notified the world of the situation on September 23, 1949: “We have evidence that within recent weeks an atomic explosion occurred in the U.S.S.R.”
Beatles Last Concert – at Candlestick Park
The Beatles last paid concert came at the end of their 1966 North American Tour at Candlestick Park, San Francisco. The tour included dates in Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Washington, Philadelphia, Toronto, Boston, Memphis, Cincinnati, St. Louis, New York, Seattle, Los Angeles and San Francisco over 17-days. From Wikipedia:
The Beatles’ final paid concert — not only of the tour, but also of the band’s career — took place on 29 August 1966 at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California. Only 25,000 tickets were sold despite the fact that Candlestick Park has a capacity for 42,500 people. A local company called Tempo Productions was in charge of the arrangement and due to the low ticket sales and other expenses, this concert resulted in a loss for them. At 9:27 pm, the Beatles finally took the stage and proceeded to play eleven songs: “Rock And Roll Music”, “She’s A Woman”, “If I Needed Someone”, “Day Tripper”, “Baby’s In Black”, “I Feel Fine”, “Yesterday”, “I Wanna Be Your Man”, “Nowhere Man”, “Paperback Writer” and “Long Tall Sally”.
Four Killed in Police Riot Breakup of
Chicano Moratorium Protest in LA
The Chicano Moratorium, formally known as the National Chicano Moratorium Committee, was a movement of Chicano anti-war activists that built a broad-based coalition of Mexican-American groups to organize opposition to the Vietnam War.
Held in East Los Angeles, the moratorium was the largest anti-Vietnam War demonstration by any minority group in the United States, including African Americans. Estimates of the demonstrators, mostly Chicanos, or Mexican Americans, range from 20,000 to 30,000. It was also the largest demonstration during the Chicano Movement of the late 1960s and 1970s, the most significant civil rights and community empowerment movement by Mexican Americans in the country to that time.
The rally was broken up by local police, who said that they had gotten reports that a nearby liquor store was being robbed. They chased the “suspects” into the park, and declared the gathering of thousands to be an illegal assembly.. . . Stores went up in smoke, scores were injured, more than 150 arrested and four were killed, including Gustav Montag, Lyn Ward, José Diaz, and Rubén Salazar, an award-winning journalist, news director of the local Spanish television station, and columnist for the Los Angeles Times. As the Chicano poet Alurista put it: “The police called it a people’s riot; the people called it a police riot.”
The death of journalist Salazar, the most prominent Latino journalist of his time, remains controversial even today, with some believing it to be an assassination. Salazar was one of five 20th century journalist honored with a postage stamp in 2007.
Gorbachev Outlaws the Communist Party, Ending 74 Year Rule
Following the failed August coup attempt, Soviet President Gorbachev advised the Communist Party Central Committee to dissolve, resigned as General Secretary and dissolved all party units within the government. Shortly afterward, the Supreme Soviet suspended all Party activities on Soviet territory. In effect, Communist rule in the Soviet Union had ended—thus eliminating the only unifying force left in the country.
Hurricane Katrina Strikes New Orleans
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