June-28: A Day of Madness and Death

1914

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

A Bosnian-Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinated Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie triggering World War I.

17 Million Deaths, 20 Million Casualties

1922

Start of Irish Civil War

The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces to dislodge rebels occupying the building.

Up to 4,000 Killed
Including Commander-in-Chief Michael Collins

1950

Seoul Captured by North Korea, Massacres By Both Sides

North Korea captures Seoul as the Korean War begins.  The North Koreans massacred approximately 900 doctors, nurses and patients at the Seoul National University Hospital.  At the same time, South Korea executed approximately 100,000 alleged communist sympathizers near Daejon in what is known as the Bodo League Massacre.

Approx. 4.8 Million Death and Casualties

1987

Iraq Uses Chem Weapons Against Iranian Civilians

For the first time in military history, a civilian population is targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.

130 Killed

1989

Milosevic Ignites Ethnic Flames

Slobodan Milošević, then President of Serbia. delivers speech in Gazimestan speech was was the centrepiece of a day-long event to mark the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo, which spelled the defeat of the medieval Serbian kingdom at the hands of the Ottoman Empire, as well as the annexation of most of Serbia’s territory aside from the Serbian Despotate. The speech was delivered to a huge crowd gathered at the place where the battle had been fought, Gazimestan in Central Kosovo. It came against a backdrop of intense ethnic tension between ethnic Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo and increasing political tensions between Serbia and the other constituent republics of the then Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia caused by the “anti-bureaucratic revolution”.

The speech has since become famous for Milošević’s reference to the possibility of “armed battles”, in the future of Serbia’s national development. Many commentators have described this as presaging the collapse of Yugoslavia and the bloodshed of the Yugoslav Wars.

140,000 Deaths

1994

Matsumoto Sarin Attack

In 1994, member of the Japanese cult released sarin gas in Matsumoto, nine months after release in a Tokyo subway had killed 12.

8 Deaths, 20 Casualties

1997

Tyson Bites Holyfield’s Ear Off

In the first Tyson–Holyfield fight, seven months earlier, Evander Holyfield, who opened as a 25-to-1 underdog (eventually pulling to 15-to-2), floored Mike Tyson for the second time in Tyson’s career in the sixth round, and scored a TKO over Tyson in round 11.  The fight began with Holyfield dominating Tyson. Holyfield won the first three rounds.

Tyson would bite Holyfield twice in the third round, resulting in his disqualification.

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