Apr–18: A Day of Shaking the World
From Paul Revere and the start of the Revolution War, to the San Francisco’s devastating earthquake, to Doolittle’s daring raid on Tokyo and the tragedy in Beirut – each of these events would be felt for years to come.
Paul Revere’s Midnight Ride
Paul Revere’s midnight ride warning of advancing British troops towards Lexington and Concord where the Shots Heard ‘Round the World would be fired the next day — beginning The American Revolution.
San Francisco Devastated By an Earthquake
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18.Devastating fires broke out in the city that lasted for several days. As a result, about 3,000 people died and over 80% of San Francisco was destroyed. It was the largest earthquake to strike a major city.
The earthquake and resulting fire are remembered as one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the United States alongside the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 and Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The death toll from the earthquake and resulting fire remains the greatest loss of life from a natural disaster in California’s history.
See the incredible side-by-side before and after footage.
Doolittle’s Raid Strikes Tokyo
The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on 18 April 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on Honshu island during World War II, the first air raid to strike the Japanese Home Islands. It demonstrated that Japan itself was vulnerable to American air attack, served as retaliation for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, and provided an important boost to U.S. morale while damaging Japanese morale.
Suicide Bombing of US Embassy in Beiruit
The April 18, 1983 United States embassy bombing was a suicide bombing in Beirut, Lebanon, that killed 63 people, mostly embassy and CIA staff members, several soldiers and one Marine. 17 of the dead were Americans. It was the deadliest attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission up to that time, and is thought of as marking the beginning of anti-U.S. attacks by Islamist groups.
1923 – The first baseball game was played at Yankee Stadium with New York beating the Boston Red Sox 4-1.
1949 – Ireland becomes an independent Republic on 33rd anniversary of the Easter Uprising.
1955 – Albert Einstein dies
1966 – Bill Russell becomes first African-American coach of a major U.S. sporting team.
1978 – The Senate ratifies the Panama Canal Treaty
1981 – The longest game in baseball history begins with the AAA Rochester Red Wings visiting the Pawtucket Red Sox. The game would be halted after 32-innings, before continuing two months later.
1983 – New Englanders Greg Meyer and Joan Benoit win one of the fastest Boston Marathons ever. It is the last time American won both the men’s and women’s race and there has been only one American winner in each race since. In 1985, Lisa Larsen Weidenbach would win the women’s race and Meb Keflezighi would win the men’s in 2014.